Obesity and cardiac diseases – here’s what you need to know!
Obesity’s increasing prevalence is drawing attention to its position in the development of cardiovascular disease. Between 2001 and 2004, estimates of the age-adjusted incidence of obesity and extreme obesity rose considerably among adults in the United States, but not among children and teenagers. Between 2013 and 2016, 38.9% of adults were obese, with 7.6% being severely obese. Obesity and extreme obesity were estimated to be 17.8% and 5.8% in children and teenagers during that time span, respectively.
Obesity is a persistent, relapsing, multifactorial, neurobehavioral condition in which a rise in body fat causes adipose tissue inflammation and unhealthy fat mass physical forces, resulting in negative metabolic, biomechanical, and psychosocial health outcomes, according to the Obesity Medicine Association. The best heart doctor in Dubai provides the best guidance against your better lifestyle.
An Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Obesity has long been linked to an increased risk of heart disease and cardiovascular disease. Via atrial enlargement, ventricular enlargement, and atherosclerosis, an increase in body fat may directly contribute to cardiac disease. Increased body fat also leads to heart disease indirectly.
Obesity has a multifactorial etiology. Genetic, natural, sociocultural, physiological, medical, behavioral, and epigenetic influences all play a role in its pathogenesis.
Obesity-related hereditary chromosomal regions have been identified in over 140 cases. In the central nervous system, genes linked to BMI and general adiposity are heavily expressed.
Obesity genes are believed to function in neuronal circuits related to reward-based decision making, learning and memory, delayed discounting, and spatial orientation, as well as the hypothalamic homeostatic regulator of energy balance.
Obesity causes systemic inflammation, which may trigger adiposeness. Obese individuals have been shown to have chronic systemic inflammation as well as an increased buildup of epicardial adipose tissue.
Good cardiologists in Dubai are familiar with the ‘inside to in’ concept of atherosclerosis, in which atherogenic lipoproteins in the bloodstream get entangled in the sub endothelium, causing an inflammatory response that promotes atheromatous plaque formation. It’s becoming more widely accepted that the adiposopathic “sick fat” that surrounds the heart can also spread inflammatory responses that contribute to heart disease. The ‘outside to in’ form of atherosclerosis is often referred to as this.